The evolution continues, AK320
AK4490
Dual DAC
DSD-to-PCM
play
Parametric
EQ
200fs VCXO
Reference Clock
AK Connect
App
Metal Touch
Sensor
Home button
Metal Body
(Aluminum)
AMP
(Compatible)
Cradle
(Compatible)
CD-RIPPER
(Support)
Inheriting Sound
The primary goal of Astell&Kern has always been to deliver the original sound,
and we believed that the AK380 did just that.
We wanted even more people to experience the AK320 and its ability to deliver the original sound as intended.

AK4490's Dual-DAC, DSD-to-PCM Playback, Parametric EQ with 20bands 0.01dB, 200 Femto Second VCXO Reference Clock,
Exceptional Expandability, DLNA-based AK Connect App and Metal Touch Sensor Home Button
AK320 vs. AK380
PCM
DSD
DAC
PEQ
Femto Clock
USB DAC
Built-in Memory
AK320
24bit 192kHz Bit to Bit
DSD to PCM
DSD64/128PCM 24bit 176kHz
AK4490 x2 (Dual DAC)
Support
Support
Max 24bit 96kHz (UAC 1.0)
128GB
AK380
32bit 384kHz Bit to Bit
Native DSD Playback
DSD 2.8MHz (DSD 64) / DSD 5.6MHz (DSD 128)
/ DSD 11.2MHz (DSD 256)
AK4490 x2 (Dual DAC)
Support
Support
Max 32bit 384kHz / DSD 11.2MHz (UAC 2.0)
256GB
24bit 192kHz bit to bit Playback
AK320 is capable of bit-to-bit playback up to 24bit, 192kHz.
32bit audio is downsampled using a sample-rate converter (SRC). In addition, DSD 64/128 can be played back via conversion to PCM.
* 32bit, 384kHz is downsampled to 24bit, 192kHz, and 32bit, 352kHz is downsampled to 24bit, 176kHz for playback.
* DSD 64/128 is converted via DSD-to-PCM to PCM 24bit, 176kHz for playback.
32bit SRC by the AK320
32bit MQS
32bit Delivery
CPU
Conversion to 24bit
24bit Delivery
DAC
DSD-to-PCM Conversion by the AK320
DSD 64/128
DSD Delivery
CPU
DSD-to-PCM
Conversion
PCM Delivery
DAC
PEQ (Parametric EQ)
A parametric equalizer (PEQ*1) was implemented in the AK380 to deliver detailed adjustment of the original sound, and an audio digital signal processor (DSP) was added to aid in this process.

This frees up CPU cycles previously needed for calculating graphic equalizers (GEQ), allowing more detailed and accurate calculations via the dedicated DSP.

The audio DSP expands the existing 10-band, ±0.5 dB graphic equalizer (GEQ*2) to 20-band, ±0.01 dB to more precisely adjust the frequency and gain (dB) as well as more accurately specifying the frequency range via Q value adjustments.
* The PEQ supports up to 8 kHz - 192 kHz (8/16/24-bit) formats, but DSD and 32-bit audio are not supported.
The AK320's PEQ Playback Using Audio DSP
PCM Sound Source
Up to 24bit,
192kHz
CPU
Audio
DSP
Freq./dB Value
Processing
32bit
DAC
The other Products GEQ Playback Using Audio DSP
PCM Sound Source
PCM Delivery
CPU
Freq./dB Value
Processing
24bit
DAC
AK320 20-band PEQ and AK120 Ⅱ 10-band GEQ Frequency Values
20-Band PEQ
10-Band GEQ
  • 30Hz
  • 45Hz
  • 60Hz
  • 90Hz
  • 120Hz
  • 180Hz
  • 250Hz
  • 380Hz
  • 500Hz
  • 750Hz
  • 1kHz
  • 1.5kHz
  • 2kHz
  • 3kHz
  • 4kHz
  • 6kHz
  • 8kHz
  • 12kHz
  • 14kHz
  • 18kHz
  • 30Hz
  • 60Hz
  • 120Hz
  • 250Hz
  • 500Hz
  • 1kHz
  • 2kHz
  • 4kHz
  • 8kHz
  • 16kHz
What is Parametric Equalization (PEQ*1)?
Parametric equalization refers to the ability to increase or decrease the volume within the Q value range. A Q value is a frequency range relative to a selected frequency. The frequency range decreases when the Q value increases and vice versa.
Selected Frequency
Existing EQ value of the
Selected Frequency
Q value setting
Increase the Q value of the
Selected Frequency
Q value setting
Decrease the Q value of the
Selective Frequency
What is Graphic Equalization (GEQ*2)?
Graphic equalization divides the audible frequency register into several registers and increases or decreases the level of each register with a volume slider to adjust the respective frequency's characteristics. The switches of the volume slider are connected like a graph to visually determine the frequency characteristics, hence the name "graphic equalizer."
AK120 Ⅱ GEQ
AK320 PEQ
Frequency
Gain (-5.0 ~ +5.0) 0.01dB
Q (0.1 ~ 4.0) 0.1dB
Equipped With a Femto Clock to Deliver True Original Sound
Astell&Kern implemented a voltage-controlled crystal oscillator (VCXO) high-precision clock with a reference jitter value of 200 femto seconds*3.
Femto clocks are commonly used in high-end audio systems, and the clock is measured in high-precision femtosecond units (one quadrillionth of a second).
What is VCXO?
A VCXO, or a voltage-controlled crystal oscillator, is a type of crystal oscillation device that creates oscillation frequencies. External environmental stimuli, which in this case mean voltage inputs, influence the frequency value. Adjustments to the voltage input tunes a precise frequency value.
What is Jitter?
Jitter refers to the undesired deviation in time that occurs in a periodic signal. In this case, jitter is the error that occurs in the reference clock required to perform the sampling in digital audio equipment.

By utilizing a femto clock, the AK320 is able to create a more accurate frequency value and make fine jitter corrections.
As a result, the AK320 faithfully reproduces analog sound closer than ever to the original source when transmitting a digital signal as an analog signal.
1fs (Femto Second)*3
1
1015
1
1,000 trillion
sec.
1ps (Pico Second)
1
1012
1
1 trillion
sec.
1ns (Nano Second)
1
109
1
Billion
sec.
AK320 Clock Jitter
Original Clock
Jitter Embedded
Clocks the AK320
Clock Jitter
Original Clock
Jitter Embedded
Clocks
USB DAC
The AK320 supports USB DAC functionality.

The AK320 can be connected to a PC or Mac via USB for use as a USB DAC that supports PCM/DSD.
When playing back music stored on a PC or Mac, the Dual-DAC is able to deliver richer audio of outstanding soundstage and resolution well beyond the limits of a built-in sound card.
* When using the AK320 as a USB DAC, its PEQ settings are not applied, and output up to 24bit, 96kHz is supported.
* DSD 64/128 is converted via DSD-to-PCM for playback.
PC / MAC
PCM USB
Line Out
Headphone
Speaker
Car
AK Connect App
Astell&Kern has further enhanced DLNA functionality via the AK Connect app.
Wireless networking DLNA (version 1.0) connects to a NAS or PC, and is easily controlled with a smartphone or tablet through AK Connect.
Source files on a PC or NAS can be freely transferred and streamed without the hassle of turning on the physically connecting with a cable.

If on the same access point (AP) network, music files on a PC or NAS can be played back via DLNA.
Phone / Tablet
DMC
DMS
Streaming
Streaming
DMS(DMR)
DMC(DMR)
AK500N / AK380 / AK320
/ AK240 / AK120 Ⅱ / AK100 Ⅱ
DMP
Streaming & Download
DMS
AK320
DMC(DMR)
Streaming & Download
DMS
PC / NAS
DMS(DMC)
Streaming
Streaming
Streaming
DMR
DMR
DMR
Network Player
DMP (Digital Media Player)
Finds a list of content on a media server for selection and playback.

DMC (Digital Media Controller)
Finds a list of content on a media server and establishes a connection to a playback-capable device (renderer). By default, a DMC establishes a connection between a media server and media renderer and controls content playback-related operations.

DMS (Digital Media Server = Network Server)
Actually stores the media content to be shared. When connected to a network, the DMS transmits/distributes the media content for other devices to stream or download.

DMR (Digital Media Renderer = Network Player)
Connects to a media server via media controller for content playback.
[Phone] AK Connect
The AK Connect and AK Connect HD apps are available for download from the Google Play Store and the Apple App Store.
[Tablet] AK Connect HD
Pressure-sensitive Metal Capacitive Touch
The AK320 features the same metal touch interface as the AK380.

The Metal Touch functions as a home key and interfaces
with the device via pressure-sensitive touches.
More Expandable Options
The AK320 can be expanded to a variety of devices through the micro-USB and balanced audio out ports located at the bottom of the product.

It can be connected with the AMP as well as professional high-impedance headphones for high output and USB for data transfer and charging.
It can also be connected to the Cradle for balanced audio functionality as well as the CD-RIPPER to conveniently rip audio CDs.